The words here and there are used frequently in English grammar; you just can’t bởi vì without them!

Most learners know that both these words are lớn bởi vì with space. However, it can be really difficult khổng lồ work out their exact meanings. A lot of different countries not only have sầu different words for space, but different ideas about how people interact with spaces. I’ll show you what I mean.

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‘Here’ & ‘there’ in English

Let’s start with the dictionary definition of these words in English.

A) Here; Adverb. In this place, spot, or locality. “Come here và give sầu me that táo bị cắn dở.”

The word ‘here’ is used khổng lồ describe things that are in the immediate space around the speaker, & sometimes by extension, their conversation partner. It can be used khổng lồ describe a space of any form size, ranging from a centimeter to the size of an entire country.

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The easiest way khổng lồ think of ‘here’ is as a space of any form size that has the speaker at the very center.

B) There; Adverb. In that place (the opposite of here). “Go over there & get that apple”

The word ‘there’ is the opposite of ‘here’ và is used to lớn describe spaces away from the speaker. It can refer lớn the space around a conversation partner, or away from both speakers. Just like ‘here’ it can be used lớn describe an area of any size.

The easiest way lớn think of ‘there’ is as a space that has something at the center that is not the speaker.

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Once you"ve mastered when to lớn use "here" and "there", you"ll feel more confident speaking & writing in English!


‘Here’ và ‘there’ in other languages

Other languages use very different words lớn describe space. A fun example is Japanese, which uses not two but three different words:

C) Koko: the space around me

D) Soko: the space around you

E) Asoko: the space away from both of us

Portuguese, Armenian và Ukrainian also use three types. There are even languages which use FOUR different types, such as Northern Sami – a language used in the northern areas of Norway, Sweden & Finlvà.


Extra fact: The special group of words that ‘here’ and ‘there’ belong lớn is called spatial demonstratives. They are special because in every language on the planet they are some of the most frequently used words. What words for space vị you use in your native language?