Stative verbs

Present Simple tense with state verbs

Some English verbs, called state verbs, are almost always used in simple rather than continuous tenses. These verbs are most often about thoughts, feelings, possession or the senses, và are usually considered as a state or condition that’s either true or false, not as something that is in the process of happening. For example:

I want lớn get a new t-shirt.

I don’t want lớn get a new t-shirt

(not I am wanting/ am not wanting lớn get a new t-shirt.)

In this blog post we are going to learn about how & when to use these verbs, & avoid some typical mistakes. 

 

Most comtháng state verbs

Below is a menu of some of the most comtháng state verbs and how they are used. They can be divided inkhổng lồ categories which makes them easier khổng lồ rethành viên.

State verbs for describing thoughts:

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Smell, taste, hear, see, For example:

This sauce tastes wonderful. (Not this sauce is tasting)

I hear you better now, the điện thoại tư vấn audio is fixed. (Not I am hearing)

Do you see that building over there? (Not Are you seeing)

Note: We use “can” with sense verbs to show we are talking about this present moment:

(right now) I can see the beach from the window.

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(right now) I can hear music from the room next door.

Note: Taste and smell can be continuous when they describe the action:

I’m tasting the sauce to see if it needs more salt.

They are smelling different perfumes in the boutique.

Note: See can be continuous when it means ‘meet’:

Are you seeing Lisa today?

Note:  Listen lớn, watch & look at are not state verbs and can be continuous:

He is listening to music while she is watching a film.

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Other state verbs:

Contain, deserve sầu, fit, seem, look (as in seem), look lượt thích, matter, weigh,  For example:

This food contains nuts.

She weighs 65 kilos.

Note:  Weigh can also be continuous when it describes the action:

She is weighing her suitcase.

The use of the present continuous tense with state verbs

State verbs, which are also known as stative verbs, describe the way that something IS. On the other h&, we use dynamic verbs lớn talk about actions và events: things that happen.

Whereas we usually use state verbs with the present simple tense, it wouldn’t be fair to let you go without a few examples of how we use these verbs with the present continuous.

If I want to emphasise that something is temporary or happening now, around the present time, I can sometimes use the present continuous tense with these state verbs.

This week I am working with the marketing department. I am loving it!.

I am really loving the recommendations from Netflix at the moment!

These two sentences describe temporary situations, we know this because of the phrases “this week” và “at the moment”. The first sentence means that right now I am loving my job, but that will probably change when I stop working with the sale department. The second sentence means that I am enjoying the recommendations from Netflix, right now, but that will probably change in the future.